How Is Washing Powder Made?
This article will show you how the detergent powder is made.
The history of detergent powder is full of diversities. The Italians used a mixture of water, sulfur, and charcoal to wash things.
Egyptians followed this process but they added ashes and silicates in this mixture.
Then in 1971 Germans used synthetic surfactants much while there was a shortage of soap. Later on, German brand FEWA detergents were manufactured by converting the fatty alcohol into sulfate esters.
Technicians are using developed technologies to make the detergent more efficient.
There are several ingredients which the manufacturers use to produce detergent powder in a notable amount.How #Detergent Powder Is Made? Click To Tweet
These are basically…
- Soil anti-redeposition agents
- Foam regulators
- Corrosion inhibitors
- Optical brighteners
- Dye transfer inhibitors
- Formulation aids
- Etc. (Source Wikipedia).
These are tough on the fabric items. Once sodium carbonate, sodium silicate, etc. were used as builders in the detergent. Then, phosphates, polyphosphates became popular.
Alkalis like soda ash are mostly used in factories.
Surfactants increase the wash performance with their ability of absorption and emulsification of soil into the water.
Earlier manufacturers used TPS as surfactants but it wasn’t that much good. glucamides and alkyl polyglycosides etc. are presently used as surfactants.
Bleaches work on stain removal from the surfaces. Sodium hypochlorite is a component of household bleaches. But they aren’t suitable for washing clothes.
Sodium perborate and sodium percarbonate mix in the water and release hydrogen peroxide to work as bleaches.
Enzymes are also essential parts of detergent powder.
These are the composition of…
…proteins, fats, starch, cellulose, etc.
Enzymes amend the foaming properties of the detergent.
There are also other ingredients used to build detergent powder intended to boost the power of the item.
Hope you got – how is washing powder made?
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